Tip 10: Rose water after washing

Rosewater is also widely used by our white breeders, who use it after washing their birds. They either add it to the rinse water or mist the bird with a flower spray containing one part water and on...

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Trichomoniasis in canary birds

 

Trichomoniasis in canaries has unfortunately been occurring more frequently lately, and breeders must pay closer attention, as many breeders claim it is also contagious. The symptoms obs...

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Research Findings in Breeding Canaries

Research Findings in Breeding Canaries (Courtesy Wout van Gils)

The hen imparts increasing amounts of testosterone to her eggs in the order they are laid. This occurs whether or not she has been pa...

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Quarzo – New mutant

Quarzo New Mutation? (Phenotype)

French and friends, I also own a black quarzo for some analyses (see images above). Let's consider it simply as another variant of the opal factor, just like th...

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Tip 11: Incorrect posture in canary birds

Incorrect posture in canary birds (Mistakes by enthusiasts)

During my time as a judge, I was already annoyed by this issue. I have written articles about it, and unfortunately, I still encounter ...

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Does Cobalt from Italy cause problems?

Quirk with Italian Cobalt!

This time, I encountered a different issue last summer. I paired a black cobalt yellow with another black cobalt yellow and bred two batches of chicks from them. To my ...

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Hand-feeding Nestlings

Hand-feeding Nestlings

This is nothing new and can certainly save some young stragglers from dying. There are some points to be watched, however. One is tempted to just feed the smaller and wea...

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Tip 12: Cloaca veertjes verwijderen?

Do Not Remove Cloaca Feathers, Let Them Be
In many articles, meetings, and presentations, the question arises: should we remove the plumage of the male/female, yes or no? My answer is NO for most b...

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Tip 13: Rusk – A Useful Addition to Bird Nutrition

Rusk: A Useful Addition to Bird Nutrition

Rusk is a special wheat product crafted from pure wheat flour, a protein-rich ingredient. The rusk we are familiar with is a baked and ground grain produ...

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Tip 16: Making Leg Rings Yourself

Making Leg Rings Yourself:

At many bird product suppliers, you can buy the so-called leg rings. However, you can also easily make them yourself. Purchase a jar of ironing beads. Take one bead fro...

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Early Breeding

Early Breeding

It is entirely possible to influence the breeding drive of birds, especially for the "early" breeder who often starts breeding in December. It is necessary to exert influence on th...

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Tip 15: Take care of the tube and blood pens

Blood feathers can occur when the blood vessel in the feather follicle is damaged, causing blood to flow into the shaft cavity. Sometimes, it may still recover, but never attempt to pull out a blo...

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Overcome black spot with Tiamutin?

Submitted

Dear Wout,

I also noticed the presence of the “black spot” in nestlings just a few days old on 01/02/2013. One chick after another was dying, leading me to your website. I immediatel...

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Black spot treated successfully

If you had given tylan, your birds would not have died! Read on!
Many enthusiasts in Southern European countries have long struggled with the Black Spot and have had it examined there. Besides th...

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Tip 17: Prevent damaged eggs.

Everyone knows it: one or more damaged eggs in the nest. It's a shame; they might have become beautiful birds again. However, there are things you can do to prevent this. Pay attention to the follow...

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Tip 18: Don’t forget hygiene and drinking water bottles

Hygiene is very important in the bird world, but one should not exaggerate; birds should not be born in a germ-free environment because the chance of survival is minimal. Many breeders rightly take pr...

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Tip 20 : Het vast liggen van eitjes voorkomen.

After laying the fourth egg, we usually return the eggs, and the hen begins her brooding period. I want to draw your attention to something before returning the eggs – always check the firmness of t...

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Tip 19 : Pas op met houtskool.

Earlier and still regularly, you hear bird enthusiasts talk about adding charcoal and/or activated carbon to their egg food. I want to issue a warning here!!! Bird enthusiasts who give charcoal to the...

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Nutrients not to be forgotten.

Nutrients not to be forgotten.

Carbohydrates form an important energy source that the bird can utilize through combustion. An excess of carbohydrates is stored in the liver.

Fats, like carbohy...

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The moult as an indicator of the state of health of your birds

The moult as an indicator of the state of health of your birds

Birds in good condition will moult normally reasonably quickly provided they have adequate space and are not kept in overcrowded aviar...

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Feather plucking can be mostly avoided.

Feather plucking can be mostly avoided.

Feather plucking is a common issue faced by many canary breeders, affecting numerous enthusiasts each year. While some may experience it more frequently than...

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Yellow Ivory Intensive

Yellow Ivory Intensive

Requirements: A good, deep base color is essential, as well as a uniform and pure color (lemon factor). No mold formation in intensive specimens and no variegation in feath...

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Black Lice in Canaries

Here is the translated text:

Black Lice in Canaries - Ornithonyssus bursa (Berlese) (Leiognathus 1888)

Black lice in our canaries, Ornithonyssus bursa (Berlese), also known as Leiognathus 1888...

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What you encounter during the molting period.

What you encounter during the molting period.

Once a year, the canary changes its feather coat, and this happens during molting. In the first year, young birds only change their down feathers. This...

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The Mogno Factor. Latest mutant?

Latest 'Mutant' in the Brown Series (Brazilian origin) - The MOGNO (Mahogany) - See report.

From Opal, through Quarzo, to Mogno?

When Darwin discovered that isolation led to different evolut...

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Research on cigarette butts in bird nests.

Research on cigarette butts in bird nests.

It's not only humans who enjoy cigarettes; birds living in urban areas often use cigarettes, or rather, the cigarette butts, to build their nests. While c...

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Pairing birds after breeding preparations have been completed

Practical tips from Wout van Gils

In my previous articles, I discussed preparation and nutrition when conditioning breeding birds. We emphasized the importance of observing your birds and startin...

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Garlic against red mite control

It was a close call for all measures against red mites to be banned. Fortunately, the government realized in time that this was not the intention. Now, there are a few remedies again, mostly biologi...

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Blijf ook op de ontlasting letten

It is highly advisable for every bird owner to regularly examine the droppings of the bird(s). Changes in the defecation pattern or in the droppings can indicate various diseases.

The droppings of ...

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Moulting and daylight length are of great importance

Molting and daylight length are crucial.

The length of the day is crucial in the molting process. Anyone who keeps birds knows that birds molt after the longest day (July 21). Molting starts when t...

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The nest is made, but there are only a few eggs or other problems

The nest is made, but there are only a few eggs or other problems.

Successful pairing requires good preparation before the onset of breeding, a fact well recognized by all breeders. Nonetheless, ma...

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Megabacteria – What now?

Megabacteria - What Now? A dreadful and, until recently, challenging disease called megabacteria is prevalent in many of our aviaries. The name "megabacteria" is misleading as it suggests that we are ...

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How do birds reproduce?

How do birds reproduce?
I have often observed birds seemingly courting each other, but do they also mate, and if so, how do they go about it? Birds likely have the most refined way in the animal ...

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Once again, perches

Once again, perches
Dear friends of the canaries, still some national exposures and still some
others. Then the great challenge, the world championship arrives, and then the  breeding starts again...

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Stainless steel grids in breeding cages

Stainless Steel Grilles in Breeding Cages:

While stainless steel grilles and cage fronts are no longer considered a novelty, they are gaining increasing acceptance. Although they primarily benefit ...

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Too much eggfood used in preparing birds for breeding

Using excessive eggfood in preparing birds for breeding is not advisable. It should be provided in moderation, as an excess amount is not beneficial for our birds. Additionally, it can be relatively e...

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Wood pigeons and birds of prey are falling dead from the sky – Trichomonas

Wood pigeons and birds of prey are falling dead from the sky - Trichomonas

Since the end of the year, the disease trichomonas has been causing massive mortality among wild wood pigeons and turtledo...

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Black Dot and Acidified Drinking Water

Black Dot and Acidified Drinking Water

This condition occurs almost exclusively in canaries. During the development of an embryo, the gallbladder becomes excessively large. Normally, just before ...

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Good to know this – Inheritance

 

Inheritance

There is often something written about inheritance in many books, yet it remains a challenging subject for many people. On this site, we will attempt to explain the principl...

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Article TV Limburg

The attached video was made in response to the 1 millionth visitor to the canary homepage Wout van Gils. And was broadcast on TV Limburg. On 12-04-2014.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...

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Feather Plucking

Feather Plucking

Although feather plucking is preventable, all canary breeders would have encountered this troublesome issue at some point. Several potential reasons and causes need to be correctly...

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Acidifying the drinking water.

Acidifying the Drinking Water.

Acidifying the drinking water with apple cider vinegar, at a rate of 10 ml per 1.5 liters of water, has a beneficial effect on the health of birds during the bree...

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Tip 22: Prevent Fatty Liver

Dear Red and Yellow Breeders,

Attention please. I surely don't need to tell you how important it is to feed your birds properly with red coloring and cantaxanthin. The standard requires deeply ...

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Cockbird or Hen, which one first?

Introducing Rollers into the Breeding Cage – Cockbird or Hen, which one first?

Our Rollers are brought into breeding condition before the commencement of each breeding season. The question often arises next as to which one to cage first into the breeding box – the cock or the hen.

Provided both are well prepared I believe there is little or no difference. Even so there are many large breeders that cage the cock first and I have to admit that I am one of these. Why is this?

In the first place we know that on average it will take the male ten days more than the female to come into breeding condition. Thus we can advance the conditions (lighting, temperature, seed selection) that will advance the male specifically. Once in the breeding cage for five days you can place some hens in contest cages in front of him. This will encourage the male even further as you can readily hear.

Another benefit is that after a number of days the male has begun to regard the breeding cage as his territory and will if necessary defend it. This means that when a hen is placed with him after the ten days, the male will be usually dominant over the hen and the latter will submit and subsequent pairing will take place. On the other hand if the hen is the first to be introduced to the breeding cage the opposite is likely to happen and the hen will be dominant over the cock resulting in a greater likelihood of unsuccessful fertilization.

This is the reason why most breeders prefer placing the cock first into the breeding cage.

Success in your breeding – Wout van Gils

Candling

Candling

Candling eggs is done to determine whether or not they are fertilized. However, straightforward mistakes are still made occasionally. These often occur when the pencil torch is directed at...

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Care during the moult

Care during the Molt

The molt is familiar to every bird fancier and is recognized as an annual event in the life of his canaries.

At first, a novice may not attach much importance to it, but qui...

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Things to look out for during and after ringing

Ringing is always a delightful activity, especially now that the chicks have survived their initial critical phase and have started to gather feathers. Rings are typically provided by the club or fede...

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Ringing your chiks.

Ringing your chicks – Things to look out for during and after ringing - Courtesy 
Ringing is always an enjoyable activity with the chicks having survived their first critical phase and having...

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The following series of articles from our friend wout van Gils

The following series of articles from our friend from Belgium is particularly relevant for our fans at this time of the year. Wout van Gils's website is a tremendous success with over 2.5 million visi...

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How do I usually recognize the man or female?

Recognizing the Gender: Male and Female.

For many canary breeders, it is usually quite easy to recognize the gender. Often, the color or inheritance already indicates whether it is a male or fema...

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Cock of Hen

Checking for Breeding Condition – With canaries it is often possible to identify their gender even when the young are hatched. But in many cases the breeder is not certain. He may then select gender based on the presence or absence of song.
As we prepare the canaries for breeding there comes a time when we can clearly see the sex of the bird even by a less experienced breeder. If still in doubt this means that the bird concerned is not yet fully in breeding condition.
Closely observe the two photos of cock and hen. They show the cock and hen in the right condition for breeding.

male

Cock


female

broedrijp pop

Hen

Article in Vogelvreugd Wout Van Gils

Translate this text to English:

Wout van Gils

The Dutch bird publication "Vogelvreugd" recently acknowledged the outstanding work performed by Wout van Gils in establishing his website www.woutv...

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Chicks Becoming Independent

One often hears of chicks dying when they are close to coming independent. Of course some weak birds may be expected to die through natural selection. But some birds may also die from entirely avoidab...

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Breeding Hints by Wout van Gils

From experience Wout has found that the males generally lagged the hens in terms of breeding condition. He therefore places them first in the breeding boxes and increases the temperature to 18°C maxim...

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Exaggerated above beak in canary birds!

Dear canary breeders,

In recent years, there has been regular discussion about a striking topic among canaries: specimens with an abnormally large upper beak, so large that it causes the bird to di...

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The Moulting Season is a powerful indicator

The Moult Season as a Powerful Indicator

When the birds are in good health, the moult will proceed normally and reasonably quickly, but the birds must be provided with adequate room and not overpop...

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Treating Lumps is possible

Dear Wout,

I read your message about the lumps in canaries on the internet.

As a novice aviary keeper, I likely purchased a canary with lumps. Nevertheless, I applied tannin-free petroleum jelly...

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The Agate Yellow intensive

The agate, also known as the first reduction factor, is a diluted form of Black Yellow. This dilution mainly affects the tips of the contour feathers and the large quills. As a result, the agate h...

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The Agaat Opal Canary

Agaat opal with red ground color:

Some birds are rarely seen, even at large shows in Belgium or worldwide; one of them is the agate opal in red. Opals have seen a significant increase at bird shows...

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Het opvoeren van roodfactorige kanarievogels

OPVOEREN VAN ROODFACTOR KANARIEVOGELS   
INLEIDING

Er is veel geschreven en gesproken over roodfactor kanarievogels, met zowel voor- als tegenstanders. Er zijn discussies over hun natuurlijkheid e...

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Course Part 24: Form errors etc.

ERRORS IN FORM, FEATHERING, ETC. Part 24.

Often, there is a focus on breeding birds and how they should be. However, both canary breeders and exhibitors also understand how crucial other aspects ar...

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Course Part 10: Lipochrome and Mosaic

FATTY COLORS - Part 10.

Fatty colors determine the base color of our color canaries, ranging from yellow to red. As we discussed earlier in relation to pigment formation, the enzyme "Tyrosinase" ...

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